Archaeological excavations in 2012 uncovered 300 Saxon skeletons at a grave site close to Stoke Bridge, further adding to the history of Anglo-Saxon Ipswich. Due to a lack of written
At the time of Raedwald’s death in around 624 CE, Ipswich had become prosperous with trade routes to Scandinavia, Italy and the Eastern Mediterranean. This prosperous period, known as the Wuffinga rule of East Anglia, came to an end around 869 CE when King Edmund was killed by another wave of invading Danish and Norse invaders and buried in Bury St Edmunds. Following this, during the late 10th Century, the town was ruled under Danelaw and in 991 CE Vikings raided the town; there is no evidence that the town was razed as they continued their raids down the Essex coast until their defeat at the Battle of Maldon. Although uncommon, raids continued during the years between 991 and the Norman Conquest, with an estimated 5 incidences during this period. The last Viking raid was defeated by Roger Bigod, a Norman noble who was made Sheriff of Suffolk & Norfolk by William the Conqueror.
Bigod also built a large manor and a quay between today’s Old Custom House and the Trust’s Window Museum. He is also rumoured to have built a wooden castle in the town between the church of St Mary at the Elms, Museum Street and King Street, and not at Castle Hill - which was the site of a Roman villa.